Spring Boot的类

学习笔记

由招文桃在2020年2月1日发布

常见类的用途

SpringApplicationBuilder

java.lang.Object
org.springframework.boot.builder.SpringApplicationBuilder

Builder for SpringApplication and ApplicationContext instances with convenient fluent API and context hierarchy support. Simple example of a context hierarchy:
new SpringApplicationBuider(ParentConfig.class).child(ChildConfig.class).run(args);
Another common use case is setting active profiles and default properties to set up the environment for an application:

new SpringApplicationBuilder(Application.class).profiles("server")
    			.properties("transport=local").run(args);

If your needs are simpler, consider using the static convenience methods in SpringApplication instead.

(org.springframework.boot:spring-boot:2.2.4.RELEASE)

这里就是Builder模式,顺便记录一下,先上图:

builder-pattern

GoF 对 Builder Pattern 的定义如下:

Separate the construction of a complex object from its representation so that the same construction processes can create different representations.

将一个复杂对象的构建与它的表示分离,使得同样的构建过程可以创建不同表示。(中文版书里的翻译,另外注意,在书中 Builder 译作“生成器”)

上图中,Product 是我们想要构建的复杂对象,ConcreteBuilder 通过实现抽象的 Builder 接口去构造和组合一个 product 的部件。具体的构造者,ConcreteBuilder 负责构建 product 的内部表现,和创造过程及组合机制。 Builder 也可以提供方法使得被创建的对象可以被使用。 Director 负责使用 Builder 取创建最终的 Product,也就是说 Director 是 Builder 的使用者。 构造者(Builders) 可以保持对所构造的对象(products)的引用,以便可以再次使用。

SpringApplication

java.lang.Object
org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication

Class that can be used to bootstrap and launch a Spring application from a Java main method. By default class will perform the following steps to bootstrap your application:

  • Create an appropriate ApplicationContext instance (depending on your classpath)
  • Register a CommandLinePropertySource to expose command line arguments as Spring properties
  • Refresh the application context, loading all singleton beans
  • Trigger any CommandLineRunner beans

In most circumstances the static run(Class, String[]) method can be called directly from you main method to bootstrap your application:

 @Configuration
 @EnableAutoConfiguration
 public class MyApplication  {

   // ... Bean definitions

   public static void main(String[] args) {
     SpringApplication.run(MyApplication.class, args);
   }
 }

For more advanced configuration a SpringApplication instance can be created and customized before being run:

public static void main(String[] args) {
   SpringApplication application = new SpringApplication(MyApplication.class);
   // ... customize application settings here
   application.run(args)
 }

SpringApplications can read beans from a variety of different sources. It is generally recommended that a single @Configuration class is used to bootstrap your application, however, you may also set sources from:

  • The fully qualified class name to be loaded by AnnotatedBeanDefinitionReader
  • The location of an XML resource to be loaded by XmlBeanDefinitionReader, or a groovy script to be loaded by GroovyBeanDefinitionReader
  • The name of a package to be scanned by ClassPathBeanDefinitionScanner

Configuration properties are also bound to the SpringApplication. This makes it possible to set SpringApplication properties dynamically, like additional sources (“spring.main.sources” - a CSV list) the flag to indicate a web environment (“spring.main.web-application-type=none”) or the flag to switch off the banner (“spring.main.banner-mode=off”).

org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication

public static org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext run(Class <?> primarySource, String ... args)

Static helper that can be used to run a SpringApplication from the specified source using default settings.
Parameters:
primarySource - the primary source to load
args - the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
Returns:
the running ApplicationContext